The agreement was negotiated by Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin, who had invited the parties to Tashkent. The parties agreed to remove all armed forces from positions that were occupied before August 5, 1965; Renewing diplomatic relations; and to discuss economic, refugee and other issues. The agreement was criticized in India because it contained no war pact or renouncement of guerrilla aggression in Kashmir. VI The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communication and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take steps to implement existing agreements between India and Pakistan. India is no longer useful for such judgments. She will be tried in her own case, despite a clear legal situation. On New Year`s Day 1949, a ceasefire came into effect in Kashmir. On 15 January, representatives of both armies signed an agreement to consolidate the ceasefire. The notes made that day by Lieutenant-General Maurice Delvoie, military adviser to the UN Commission for India and Pakistan, and then head of UNMOGIP, read sadly: “At my request, the two commanders-in-chief agreed to re-establish the link on the road between Srinagar rawalpindi and rebuild the necessary bridges. In addition, telephone links between these two locations will be restored. On 27 July 1949, the parties signed an agreement in Karachi establishing the ceasefire line in Kashmir. “A ceasefire line is in place.” The opinion of UN military observers on disputes is “definitive.” The line was demarcated on the ground on November 1. The definition of offences has been clarified.
In accordance with Tashkent`s statement, ministerial talks were held on 1 and 2 March 1966. Despite the fact that these talks were unproductive, diplomatic exchanges continued in the spring and summer. The results of these discussions were not obtained due to differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue. The news of Tashkent`s statement shocked the people of Pakistan, who expected India to make more concessions than they got. Things got even worse when Ayub Khan refused to speak and went to solitary confinement instead of announcing the reasons for signing the agreement. Protests and riots took place at various locations in Pakistan.  To dispel the anger and concerns of the people, Ayub Khan decided to take the matter before the people on 14 January 1966. This is the difference with Tashkent`s statement that eventually led to the impeachment of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from the Ayub government, which later founded his own party, the Pakistan People`s Party.